Saturday, February 15, 2020

Detailed Research Proposal Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Detailed - Research Proposal Example These definitions underpin the reason why it tends to wield strong influence on the behavior of teenagers. There are many reasons behind peer pressure but foremost of these is the desire of teenagers to follow people whom they idolize and wish to follow and also to belong and be identified with a group. This is, fundamentally, human nature. Therefore, it is inevitable. Humans are willing to adhere to social mores because it is a requisite in being a member of the community. The dynamics is the same in the case of peer pressure. The school and the social environment of children and adolescents is a microcosm of our society where membership, belongingness and recognition are very important aspects of growing up. The potency of influence of peers has also been attributed to the power of the crowd over its members. It has been said that it â€Å"provides a means of transition from unisexual to heterosexual social relationships by facilitating interclicque activities (Tierney et al., 52) .† Negative peer pressure adversely impacts the psyche of young people and adolescents. The pressure from a group that an adolescent belongs to is very effective because minors are still not capable of completely comprehending the consequences of their actions. Drug abuse, smoking, sex, violence etc. are just few of the activities that teenagers are being forced to do just they could be part of a group (Phelan, Davidson and Thanh 1991). The most extreme outcome of peer pressure is the deviation from established social norms (Berten and Van Rossem 2011). The undesirable behaviors could include drug offences, street violence, theft and burglary, among other crimes. Additionally, several social problems could also result in the process such as teenage pregnancy and bullying. Peer pressure, hence, is an important public issue that needs to be defined, understood and addressed as a problem. By doing so, it is expected that several pressing public concerns can also be dealt with. Fo r instance, it can contribute to solving the problem of juvenile delinquency. This study seeks to contribute to the body of literature on this theme and in the process enrich the extant resources that could ultimately help solve the negative effects of peer pressure. The topic of the research is how to reduce the impact of negative peer pressure on children. Research Hypothesis Peer pressure is an important social phenomenon that intrinsically links human behavior to a cause. Construction of social identities become critical paradigms that are influenced by group representation, ideologies, inter-cultural compulsions etc. and motivate people to adopt specific behavior or activities that would represent their group characteristics. Indeed, Evans & Rilling, (2000) believe that in order to feel secure and connected, individuals adapt themselves to particular situation, setting or people thus, changing their behavior to experience inclusion and consistency. Teenagers especially tend to follow peer group so that they can become part of that particular group and be accepted by the members. Children get attracted by peer groups because they are still trying to find their position in society and assert themselves as individuals. Thus, it is important that adolescents and teenagers must be carefully guided to understand the difference between what is good for them

Sunday, February 2, 2020

Strategic use of Design-Thinking Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Strategic use of Design-Thinking - Essay Example Design thinking is quickly emerging as the best method for strategizing on developing the future of a business or an organization and is gradually replacing the scientific method or analytical thinking or as a strategic method (Jones, 2008). Strategic design thinking as a method is emerging as one of the most influential techniques in the management and design of several programs that are geared towards improving the management operations. It is one of the most powerful tools for transforming the current operations of an organizations and creating strategies for future improvements in designs, programs, projects and business operations (Jones, 2008). Design thinking is solution focused or solution based and aims at producing practical and creative resolutions to emerging problems and improving future results of the organization’s operations (Kelly, 2006). Strategic design thinking starts with the goals or the objectives as opposed to starting with the problems. By focusing on both the present and the future aspects of the problem, all parameters of the issues at hand are explores simultaneously. Strategic design thin king mostly occurs in artificial or in the built environments such as in the artefact industry. The concept of design thinking is however also very important in management of large corporations that seek to maintain their market share and create new designs if their products as a way of maintain and attracting more customers as the companies move in to the future. One company that has benefited a great deal over the years from strategic design thinking is Apple Inc. Apple Inc is one of the leading multinationa ls in the technology industry, known for its computer brands such as Macintosh Computers or simply the Mac and mobile phone brands including the iPhone among a host of other technological brands (Fisher, 2008). Apple is the second largest technology firm in the world by revenue and is the world’s third largest manufacturer of mobile phones (Fisher, 2008). This places the company among the biggest firms in the world of technology amid immense competition from other established multinationals in the industry. In 2012, Apple was ranked by Fortune magazine as the most valuable brand in the world today (Fisher, 2008). The company’s position in the market requires a lot of innovation as it moves forward in to the future. The company has to keep producing the best designs for mobile phones and computers as well as coming up with other creative solutions that will keep the company alive in to the futur